Multiple Myeloma is a relatively rare type of cancer. March is multiple Myeloma awareness month. Let us learn more about this disease. Different types of cancer affect different parts of the body. Multiple Myeloma forms in white blood cells called Plasma cells. Normally, plasma cells play a vital role in protecting the body from infections.
Multiple Myeloma affects the plasma cells of the immune system in the human body. This cancer causes plasma cells to accumulate in the bone marrow. These cancerous plasma cells crowd out healthy cells in the bone marrow.
ABOUT THE DISEASE
Normally, these plasma cells produce antibodies that help the body fight infections but when these plasma cells become cancerous they behave abnormally and produce proteins that cause kidney problems in patients. Some patients also experience formation of overly thick blood. The abnormal proteins produced by cancerous plasma cells starts to build up in the body. Too much build-up of this protein leads to organ damage.
Unfortunately, patients suffering from multiple myeloma do not exhibit symptoms in the early stages of the disease. In later stages patients suffer from bone pain, bleeding, frequent infections (due to a weakened immune system) and sometimes anaemia is also observed. If left untreated multiple myeloma causes death in seven months.
TREATMENT AND RISK FACTOR
With proper treatment the average life expectancy increases by four to five years. Obesity is considered to be a risk factor. Doctors suggest maintaining a normal body weight as a preventive measure for multiple myeloma.
To know more about Multiple Myeloma you can visit these sites.