Sulforaphane present in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables can help prevent cancer or slow its progression as per a new research.
Broccoli, Brussels Sprout, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Chinese Cabbage, Collard greens, etc. are from the cruciferous vegetable family, and they get the distinct aroma and taste from one of the ingredients Sulforaphane. Cruciferous vegetables contain cancer-fighting agents like Glucosinolates, Phytochemicals, and Antioxidants.
They also contain nutrients including calcium, iron, folate, fibre, vitamin C, beta-carotene, potassium, and selenium. They can be consumed raw in salads or cooked.
Isothiocyanates and indoles are two biologically active compounds formed after glucosinolates are broken down. They, in turn, can lower cancer risk by decreasing activity of enzymes that stimulate carcinogens.
These compounds can also protect DNA from damage. They also prevent healthy cells from becoming cancerous cells and slow the growth of cancer cells. They may even cause cancer cells to destruct by themselves. Regular consumption of cruciferous vegetables lowers risk of lung, colorectal, prostate, bladder and breast cancers and it can even protect against melanoma and oesophageal cancer.
Additional Health Benefits
Consumption of cruciferous vegetables provides other health benefits due to the presence of nutrients such as fibre, vitamin C, folate, calcium, beta-carotene, and phytochemicals. The fibre content of these vegetables helps to reduce obesity.
They can also mitigate the risk of heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels and reduces the risk of constipation. Other nutrients in cruciferous vegetables can fight infections, healing wounds, reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and forming red blood cells.
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs)
The sulforaphane reduced the long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in prostate cancer cells, which disrupted the cells’ ability to form colonies. Long noncoding RNAs are responsible for prostate, breast, stomach, and lung cancers. lncRNAs can also regulate gene expression.
For more details on sulforaphane and how they might control cancer, please browse- http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/316448.php